signs: signs are used to communicate and show direction. it is a symbol or picture that represents what to do or think
semiotics: this is the meaning that the sign gives off. so if its a stop sign the meaning will be “stop”
denotation: this is the literal meaning of a thing. oak would be the denotation for a certain piece of wood
connotation: this is the feeling that an object or action gives off. its how it makes us feel. so a connotation for a dog may be cute
encoded: sometimes the messages in movies are slightly encoded and it becomes clearer throughout the movie
mise-en-scene: this is the clothes make up surrounding and anything that shows what is going on and where that character is. they are signs to show what is going on.
realism: this is how the movie relates to everyday life
visual codes: this is like mise-en-scene, its basically objects in the shot that show what is going to happen. for example a gun would show that someone will be killed.
sound: music, voices, sound effects
signifiers: these are things that tells you what is going to happen. a signifier foreshadows what will happen.
colour: the colour in a scene can show emotion as each colour has its own feeling related to it
medium: this is the source from witch the media is being shown.like newspaper or film or magazine
patriotic: this is when someone is being clearly respectful of their countrie. this can be shown by a flag or an anthem maybe